Tips For All 4 Seasons
Common sense maintenance practices for all 4 seasons...
20th CENTURY NURSERY SPRING GARDENING
MARCH: Prune repeat-flowering roses and remove frost damage and dead wood. On mild days, plant new plants and hardy seedlings. Relocate plants if needed. Drain and replace three-fourths water in ponds to prevent hatching of spawned frogs/toads. Dead-head faded blooms of bulb plants. Hard prune old hedges. Completely weed and dig over gardens. Prune fruit trees and bushes. Prepare beds and sew herb gardens.
APRIL: Divide perennials, watering in advance and using clean knife. Plant roses, trees, shrubs, perennials and strawberries. AS leaves emerge, spray trees and shrubs for insects. Fertilize container plants and water frequently in warm weather. Spray Rhododendron, Azeleas, Pieris, and Pyracantgha to prevent lacebug. Apply second application of fertilizer to flowering bulbs to ensure next year’s blooms. Plant hardier annuals and fertilize with bloom starter, after last chance of frost.
MAY: Begin fertilizing and spraying roses for insects and disease and continue throughout season. Add fresh mulch to trees, flower beds and shrubs. Prune and fertilize early flowering shrubs after blooming ceases. Almost any plants can be set out this month. Plant summer bloomers such as Caladiums, Daylilies, Dahlias and Glads. at end of month, after soil temperature has warmed. Water plants slowly and deeply several times a week. Remove slugs from hosta leaves with slug bait or by placing jar lids filled with beer close to plants. Till beds for planting annuals, adding compost and fertilized soil.
20th CENTURY NURSERY SUMMER GARDENING
JUNE: Do not remove foliage of spring bulbs. This will insure maximum blooms for the next year. Prune evergreens such as Junipers, Boxwoods, Camellia and Leucothe. Removing flowers from blooming plants will result in continued flowering throughout the blooming season. Keep Sevin dust, repellent, and/or traps on hand to get rid of Japanese Beetles. Fertilize flowering plants for continued floral display. Diazinon or Dursban will control problem insects. Remember to water container plants and hanging baskets frequently.
JULY: Prolong the flower season of Crepe Myrtle, Rose of Sharon and Buddleia by removing spent blooms. Water early in the morning to prevent the sun from burning the plants. Trim mums to about 12 inches the first week in July to ensure bushy plants. Keep roses sprayed and remove faded blooms. Rhododendrons, Pieris, Laurels and Azaleas should be prepared for flowering by scattering super phosphates around the base of the plants.
AUGUST: Continue to remove flowers as they fade. Water container plants daily. Complete lifting bulbs. Well-grown perennial seedlings should be planted in nursery bed. Shrubs are ready for taking root cuttings. Fruits are usually ready to be picked. Aerate ponds by adding fresh water. Take cuttings for rooting over winter.
20th CENTURY NURSERY FALL GARDENING
SEPTEMBER: As flowers continue to fade, continue dead-heading. Rose beds should be scattered with potash sulphate or wood ash. Plant spring flowering bulbs. Replace fading annuals by planting hardy biannual varieties. Hardy herbaceous plants need pruning. Begin the autumn feeding program for fish. In the latter part of the month, set out new evergreen shrubs. Garden should continue to be watered during dry spells.
OCTOBER: At the beginning of the month, weed gardens in advance of coming wet months. Remove remainder of annuals and plant biennials and hardy perennials. Spray fruit trees such as peach and cherry trees. Plant winter and early spring vegetables Remove dead leaves and any remaining annuals. Bone-meal should be applied to dress borders. Continue to weed and turn beds.
NOVEMBER: Plant hedges early in month after preparing ground. Weed and turn beds for last time to weather over winter. Plant hardy perennial seedlings. Add rotted manure or other fertilizer to next year’s annual beds. Plant roses mixing peat or bone-meal to the surrounding soil. Clear pond of leaves and remove excess oxygenating plants.
20th CENTURY NURSERY WiNTER GARDENING
DECEMBER: Continue to firm the ground, around new plants, which is lifted by frost. Loosen the soil over beds to be used for annuals next year. Make holes in iced over ponds to allow for escape of gasses. Finish planting fruit trees and spray established fruit trees. Provide protection for valuable shrubs and trees. Plant new shrubs and trees in containers. Protect plants set in fall. Check outdoor pipes and fixtures for adequate insulation. Remove heavy snow from plants to prevent weighing down and possible breakage. Do not attempt to remove layers of ice.
JANUARY: Firm ground around plants which has been lifted by frost. IF ground is dry can complete planting of roses. Remove dead plant tops. For over weathering, dig over heavy soils. Again dig over beds to be used for annuals. Continue planting trees and shrubs. If grown in grass, add nitrogenous fertilizer to fruit trees and bushes. Cover vegetables for early growth.
FEBRUARY: Continue to keep ground around new plants firmly pressed down. Clear any remaining dead plant tops. Add bone-meal to annual beds (sow annuals indoors). Keep holes in ice covered pools/ponds and remove weeds from bog gardens. Plant out container trees and shrubs. Near end of month, prune back overgrown hedges.